We all know the feeling of looking in the mirror and seeing the eyes of a tired woman staring right back at you. And you ask yourself, “Why? Why do I still have dark circles even when I have enough sleep and drink lots of water, that I have to use the bathroom every half hour or so?”
This is, indeed, frustrating. This is especially so if you have already been keen on staying hydrated and getting enough rest. If it is any consolation, it is possible that those pesky dark eye circles aren’t entirely your fault.
Dark circles can be caused by these things: allergies, poor circulation, genetics, and lifestyle choices, among other reasons.
Genetically speaking, some people typically have thinner skin around the eyes (it is normally 0.5mm, whilst the rest of your body is 2mm), and this makes blood pooling under your eyes more obvious. This can also be due to poor blood circulation.
Lifestyle choices can also be a contributing factor, so because of thin skin, when your veins become dilated, these expand, and makes them look darker. There are many reasons why your veins may become dilated – it is not just about water or sleep. Stress, dietary factors, alcohol, even allergies also affect how the skin under your eyes looks.
To determine the main culprit behind your dark circles, gently stretch the skin under your eyes. If that spot becomes darker, it is possibly due to genetics or ageing. However, if the colour doesn’t change, UV rays or allergies are probably the problems. If you are unsure, it will be helpful to consult your doctor. But most people have a combination of reasons.
How to Treat Dark Circles
This may be a result of water retention. So avoid drinking too much water just before bedtime. Alcohol can also make it worse. Moreover, if your circles are the result of circulatory issues, double up your stack of pillows at night to prevent blood from building up under your eyes. In the morning, apply a cold compress or cold tea bags for three to five minutes to constrict the blood vessels.
You can try tweaking your diet, too. Flavonol-rich dark chocolate (just an ounce a day) and foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids (salmon, walnuts, chia seeds) may enhance blood flow to the skin. Avoid food items high in sodium can also reduce water retention. Regular exercise also helps keep those pesky under-eye circles at bay.
Friction and inflammation cause hyperpigmentation. So for patients who suffer from eczema, they can develop hyperpigmentation if they repeatedly rub their eyes. For dark circles caused by allergies, over-the-counter antihistamine medications may help abate allergies which can cause under-eye circles.
If thin skin is the issue, use an effective eye-cream, like D·E·J eye cream®, a clinically-proven, comprehensive eye treatment inspired by the Dermal-Epidermal Junction (DEJ) utilizes pioneering Pathway Technology, plus NEW Prebiotic Innovation to rejuvenate the total eye area including the eyelids in as early as 4 weeks. It also provides intense hydration and helps boost the skin’s ability to attract and retain moisture.
Under eye fillers, like the Teoxane Redensity 2 or Rejuran can also help fix this problem. Rejuran revitalizes the skin by encouraging cell growth through inducing fibroblast production of collagen. This procedure helps to achieve smoother, firmer skin by improving skin elasticity and diminishing the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines on the face, neck, and, yes, under eyes.
To combat dark eye circles that are caused by skin pigmentary problems(how can we say that the laser is for treating pigmentation, and within the same breath, we say to combat dark eye circles, regardless of cause, we use the laser?), try VIDASKIN Under Eye Laser Pigment Reduction. It targets the source of dark circles under your eyes by sending a burst of light into the skin under the eyes. The light is absorbed by blood vessels or pigmented areas in the skin, and causing pigments to gradually lighten. Other laser treatments that are aimed at resurfacing the skin can reduce or eliminate wrinkles, which improves the overall appearance of the eyes, with the added benefit of reducing dark circles.
Tear troughs are the grooves that are between your lower eyelid and the cheek. They create a cavity at the junction between the lower eyelid and the cheek. In a lot of cases, tear troughs often arise in the early twenties and are genetic rather than a result of ageing. This can’t be reversed, but can be corrected with under-eye fillers. Teoxane has also invented a special filler just for this purpose. Aside from hyaluronic acid, it also contains glutathione and other amino acids to lighten dark eye circles and also strengthen skin at the same time, thus reducing the appearance of dark eye circles.